Logotipo librería Marcial Pons
Global imbalances and the lessons of Bretton Woods

Global imbalances and the lessons of Bretton Woods

  • ISBN: 9780262514149
  • Editorial: The MIT Press
  • Lugar de la edición: Cambridge (Mass). Estados Unidos de Norteamérica
  • Colección: The Cairoli Lectures
  • Encuadernación: Rústica
  • Medidas: 22 cm
  • Nº Pág.: 200
  • Idiomas: Inglés

Papel: Rústica
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Resumen

Why the current Bretton Woods-like international financial system, featuring large current account deficits in the center country, the United States, and massive reserve accumulation by the periphery, is not sustainable. In "Global Imbalances and the Lessons of Bretton Woods", Barry Eichengreen takes issue with the argument that today's international financial system is largely analogous to the Bretton Woods System of the period 1958 to 1973. Then, as now, it has been argued, the United States ran balance of payment deficits, provided international reserves to other countries, and acted as export market of last resort for the rest of the world. Then as now, the story continues, other countries were reluctant to revalue their currencies for fear of seeing their export-led growth slow and suffering capital losses on their foreign reserves. Eichengreen argues in response that the power of historical analogy lies not just in finding parallels but in highlighting differences, and he finds important differences in the structure of the world economy today. Such differences, he concludes, mean that the current constellation of exchange rates and payments imbalances is unlikely to last as long as the original Bretton Woods System. After identifying these differences, Eichengreen looks in detail at the Gold Pool, the fragile and short-lived mechanism by which European central banks sought to support the dollar in the 1960s. He studies Japan's exit from its dollar peg in 1971, drawing lessons for China's transition to greater exchange rate flexibility. And he considers the history of reserve currency competition, asking if it has lessons for whether the dollar is destined to lose its standing as preeminent international currency to the euro or even the Chinese renminbi.

Resumen

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