The Market power of technology
understanding the Second Gilded Age
- ISBN: 9780231206532
- Editorial: Columbia University Press
- Fecha de la edición: 2022
- Lugar de la edición: New York. Estados Unidos de Norteamérica
- Encuadernación: Rústica
- Medidas: 24 cm
- Nº Pág.: 456
- Idiomas: Inglés
Since the 1980s, the United States has regressed to a level of economic inequality not seen since the Gilded Age in the late nineteenth century. At the same time, technological innovation has transformed society, and a core priority of public policy has been promoting innovation. What is the relationship between economic inequality and technological change?
Mordecai Kurz develops a comprehensive integrated theory of the dynamics of market power and income inequality. He shows that technological innovations are not simply sources of growth and progress: they sow the seeds of market power. In a free market economy with intellectual property rights, firms' control over technology enables them to expand, attain monopoly power, and earn exorbitant profits. Competition among innovators does not eliminate market power because technological competition is different from standard competition; it results in only one or two winners. Kurz provides a pioneering analysis grounded on quantifying technological market power and its effects on inequality, innovation, and economic growth. He outlines what causes market power to rise and fall and details its macroeconomic and distributional consequences.
Kurz demonstrates that technological market power tends to rise, increasing inequality of income and wealth. Unchecked inequality threatens the foundations of democracy: public policy is the only counterbalancing force that can restrain corporate power, attain more egalitarian distribution of wealth, and make democracy compatible with capitalism. Presenting a new paradigm for understanding today's vast inequalities, this book offers detailed proposals to redress them by restricting corporate mergers and acquisitions, reforming patent law, improving the balance of power in the labor market, increasing taxation, promoting upward mobility, and stabilizing the middle class.
Introduction: Why We Are in a Second Gilded Age and What We Can Do About It
1. The Nexus of Market Power, Technology, and Public Policy
2. Economic Growth Under the Effect of Market Power
3. Monopoly Wealth and Intangible Capital
4. Determinants of Market Power in the United States, 1889–2017
5. The Effect of Market Power on the Diffusion of Innovations
6. Market Power and Asset Prices, 1950–2019
7. R&D and Technological Competition
8. Policy Reform
9. Policy to Restrain the Expansion of Market Power
10. Taxation, Public Investments, and Redistribution